Sudan Embassy India

Investment Climate


Agriculture is the leading and most relied on sector in the expected developmental renaissance in Sudan, as

  • It represents about 31.6% of the GDP
  • Contributes about 9% of the country’s non-oil exports
  • 50.23% of the population work in the agricultural field
  • Total area = 600 million acres
  • Area of arable land = 200 million acres
  • Cultivated area per year = 40 million acres

Policies and Regulations Promoting Investment
Policies of economic liberalization resulted in the transition from oriented economy to market economy to promote investment and foreign trade. These regulations resulted in:

  • Elimination of taxes on raw agricultural products
  • Elimination of export taxes on agricultural goods
  • Subsidy of agricultural input and reduction of financing costs
  • Lack of a specific financing limit for the agricultural sector

Agricultural Sector’s Policies 
Agricultural Revival Program 
The agricultural revival program aims to:

  • Achieve food security
  • Reduce poverty by 15%
  • Increase productivity and raise production efficiency and agricultural processing
  • Development of plant, animal, and agricultural exports as renewable natural resources in stead of the economy’s dependence on oil and other non-renewable resources
  • Develop and protect natural resources to maintain their sustainability and viability
  • Achieve balanced development in all regions to encourage settlement in rural areas

Incentives to Achieve Successful Agricultural Investment as Part of the Agricultural Revival Program

  • Allocation of a sizable percentage of the program’s budget for rehabilitation of infrastructure in agricultural areas (39%)
  • Reduction of mid-term and long-term financing costs
  • Increasing capital of the agricultural bank to meet the revival program’s needs
  • Complete exemption from taxes and fees for the agricultural sector

Investment Systems 

  • Direct investment: including investment by companies and individuals for a period between 30-90 years
  • Investment through financing formulas: by agreements between investors and existing projects for the production of required crops in accordance with the agreed upon funding formula
  • Investment partnership: by signing an agreement between Arab investor and the local partner to carry out the project according to each party’s share contributed to the investment capital
  • Investment through the B.O.T system: which grants projects all investment safeguards, features, and facilities
  • Bilateral investment: through bilateral agreements between governments

Opportunities Available For Agricultural Investment 
(1) Field Crops 
(A) Irrigated Field Crops

  • Wheat
  • Cotton
  • Peanuts
  • Maize
  • Sunflower
  • Fodder

(B) Rain-Fed Crops

  • Sesame       
  • Peanuts
  • Sunflower
  • Cotton
  • Millet
  • Hibiscus
  • Sorghum     
  • Maize

(2) Production of Horticultural Export Crops

  • Vegetables and their concentrates
  • Fruit and its concentrates
  • Cut flowers

(3) Organic Agriculture
There is potential for producing horticultural and field crops in many areas, particularly:

  • Al-Gash Delta
  • Tokar Delta

(4) Processing Of Horticultural Crops

  • Dried Vegetables
  • Tomato concentrates

(5) Production and Export of Fodder

  • Establishment of fodder production projects in rain-fed areas (alfalfa and maize)
  • Setting up units for cutting and packing maize cane and millet in rain-fed areas particularly at mechanized agricultural schemes
  • Establishment of projects in mechanized agricultural areas to produce sorghum and yellow sorghum for export and fodder

(6) Sugar Production

  • Sugar production (sugar cane) in the White Nile, Blue Nile and Sinnar states
  • Production of sugar beet in Gezira Project and Northern State

(7) Producing Bio-Energy from Agricultural Produce and Their Residues
This includes:

  • Maize, soy beans, cereal crops and sugar cane
  • Sugar-cane by-products such as molasses and bagasse
  • Residues of wheat, maize, millet and peanut

(8) Forest Production

  • Production, processing and export of Arabic gum and other kinds of gum
  • Production and processing of sawn wood for producing plywood, compressed wood, furniture, and wood pulp for paper manufacturing pencils and cardboard
  • Planting mulberry trees and breeding silkworms for production of natural silk
  • Planting of eucalyptus trees to extract essential oils for medicinal purposes

(9) Production of Natural Honey

  • Production of honey and wax
  • Production and marketing of hives
  • Manufacturing of cosmetics
  • Treatment by using bee sting and other apiary products

(10) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 
Which include: planting senna, black cumin, hibiscus, aniseed, garlic and fennel. 
(11) Agricultural Inputs Industry

  • Certified seeds
  • Fertilizers
  • Pesticides
  • Burlap packing sacks

(12) Agriculture Mechanization

  • Manufacturing of machinery and agriculture equipment.

(13) Post- Harvest Services

  • Preparing of folder, sorting and grading centers, packing of vegetables and fruits ,dry refrigerated transport, refrigerated reservoirs and stores

Strategic Partnership with Existing Projects
(1) Gezira Project:

  • Total area:  924 thousand Hectares
  • Surface irrigation system
  • Availability of infrastructure for irrigation and support services
  • Crop rotation (cotton, wheat, sorghum, peanut and vegetables)
  • Required partnership in crop rotation (sorghum, maize, sugar beet)

(2) Al-Rahad Agricultural Scheme:

  • Total area: 126 thousand hectares.
  • Pumps irrigation from the Blue Nile
  • Availability of infrastructure for irrigation and support services
  • Crop rotation (maize, peanut, cotton, wheat and vegetables)
  • Required partnership in crop rotation (maize, sugar beet and sunflower)

(3) Al-Sooki Agricultural Scheme

  • Total area: 33.5 thousand hectares
  • Pumps irrigation from the Blue Nile
  • Availability of infrastructure for irrigation and support services
  • Crop rotation (maize, peanut, cotton, sunflower and vegetables)
  • Required partnership in crop rotation and maize

(4) Halfa Agricultural Scheme:

  • Total area: 189 thousand hectares.
  • Surface irrigation system
  • Availability of infrastructure for irrigation and support services
  • Crop rotation (wheat, sorghum, peanut, cotton, and vegetables)
  • Required partnership in crop rotation (cotton and vegetables, sunflower and maize)